On January 9, 2017 I wrote a post titled “Low Interest Rates And The Formation Of Asset Bubbles.“ As discussed in that post – and for other reasons – the level of the Fed Funds rate – and whether its level is appropriate – has vast importance and far-reaching consequences with regard to many aspects of the economy and financial system.
Along these lines, below is an updated long-term chart indicating the Real Fed Funds Rate [FRED FEDFUNDS – CPIAUCSL] , with a last value of -6.16352 through October 2021. Of particular note is the post-2000 persistently negative Real Fed Funds rate:
source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Effective Federal Funds Rate [FEDFUNDS], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; accessed November 10, 2021: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FEDFUNDS
source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index: All Items in U.S. City Average, All Urban Consumers [CPIAUCSL], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; accessed November 10, 2021: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CPIAUCSL
The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 4676.86 as this post is written