Tag Archives: U.S. Treasuries

The Bond Bubble – July 2016 Update

In previous posts I have discussed the Bond Bubble and its many facets, as my analyses indicates that the overall bond market is an exceedingly large asset bubble with immensely large and wide-ranging economic implications.

Since my last post on the Bond Bubble (the June 24, 2014 post titled “The Bond Bubble – June 2014 Update“) I have written various posts about interest rates and associated dynamics.

It should be noted that current rates on 10-Year Treasury Yields, from a (ultra) long-term historical view, remain extremely depressed.  Of note, recent yields have reached all-time lows, as mentioned in the July 6, 2016 post titled “10-Year Treasury Yields – Two Long-Term Charts As Of July 6, 2016.”

This can be seen in the following chart of 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Yields:

10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity

Data Source: FRED, Board Of Governors Of The Federal Reserve System; accessed July 27, 2016:

https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/DGS10

Here is another chart of the 10-Year Treasury Yield, from 1980 on a LOG scale, with a long-term trendline.  The current yield is 1.563%:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

10-Year Treasury Yields

As seen in practically all economic forecasts, the belief that the ultra-low interest rate environment will continue to be sustained is widespread.

There are various highly notable aspects of the Bond Bubble that lack general awareness.  While a comprehensive discussion can’t be done in a brief manner, many of my previous posts have discussed certain aspects.

Of particular concern is the financial and economic impact resulting from the “bursting” of the Bond Bubble.  As I mentioned in my post of February 6, 2013 (“The Bond Bubble – February 2013 Update“) my expectation at that time – and what I continue to believe – is that after the bursting of the Bond Bubble the rate on the 10-Year Treasury will be far higher than it has been in recent years.  As stated in that post:

While I have not spent considerable effort trying to ascertain the level of this “natural” interest rate, I have little doubt that such a “natural” rate on the 10-Year Treasury would be at least 5%-10% and most likely considerably higher (possibly multiples thereof).  Of course, such rates would have massive implications on a number of fronts.

The prospects of such a large increase in interest rates – which, due to many dynamics of the bursting of this particular bubble – will likely happen in a short period of time.  Overall, this situation is of tremendous concern on many levels, including the impact such rising interest rates will have on other immensely large asset bubbles, including the stock market.

As I stated in the aforementioned February 6, 2013 post;

The perils of this bond bubble and its future “bursting” can hardly be overstated.

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The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 2169.18 as this post is written

Trends Of U.S. Treasury Yields – December 14, 2015 Update

For references purposes, below are two charts that show the trend in interest rates for various Treasuries, including the 3-Month, 2-Year, 5-Year, 7-Year, and 10-Year.

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last 20 years, on a monthly basis:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

U.S. Treasury yields

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last year, on a daily basis:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

Treasury interest rates

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The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 2012.37 as this post is written

Trends Of U.S. Treasury Yields – October 8, 2015 Update

For references purposes, below are two charts that show the trend in interest rates for various Treasuries, including the 3-Month, 2-Year, 5-Year, 7-Year, and 10-Year.

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last 20 years, on a monthly basis:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

U.S. Treasury Yields monthly

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last year, on a daily basis:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

U.S. Treasury yields daily

_____

The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 1994.92 as this post is written

Trends Of U.S. Treasury Yields – July 16, 2015 Update

For references purposes, below are two charts that show the trend in interest rates for various Treasuries, including the 3-Month, 2-Year, 5-Year, 7-Year, and 10-Year.

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last 20 years, on a monthly basis:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

U.S. Treasury yield trends

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last year, on a daily basis:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

U.S. Treasury yields 1-year

_____

The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 2120.77 as this post is written

Trends Of U.S. Treasury Yields – February 20, 2015 Update

For references purposes, below are two charts that show the trend in interest rates for various Treasuries, including the 3-Month, 2-Year, 5-Year, 7-Year, and 10-Year.

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last 20 years, on a monthly basis:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

U.S. Treasury Yields

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last year, on a daily basis:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

U.S. Treasury Yields

_____

The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 2097.45 as this post is written

Trends Of U.S. Treasury Yields – November 18, 2014 Update

For references purposes, below are two charts that show the trend in interest rates for various Treasuries, including the 3-Month, 2-Year, 5-Year, 7-Year, and 10-Year.

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last 20 years:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

20 year chart U.S. Treasury Yields

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last year:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

U.S. Treasury Yields 1-year

_____

The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 2042.33 as this post is written

Trends Of U.S. Treasury Yields

For references purposes, below are two charts that show the trend in interest rates for various Treasuries, including the 3-Month, 2-Year, 5-Year, 7-Year, and 10-Year.  Of note, yesterday the yield on the 10-Year Treasury fell below 2% on an intraday basis, but closed at 2.09%.

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last 20 years:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

interest rates on U.S. Treasuries

A chart showing the interest rate trends of the last year:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

Treasury security yields

_____

The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 1862.49 as this post is written

The Bond Bubble – June 2014 Update

In previous posts I have discussed the Bond Bubble and its many facets, as my analyses indicates that the overall bond market is an exceedingly large asset bubble with immensely large and wide-ranging economic implications.

Since my last post on the Bond Bubble (the February 6, 2013 post titled “The Bond Bubble – February 2013 Update“) I have written various posts about interest rates and associated dynamics.

It should be noted that current rates on 10-Year Treasury Yields, from a long-term historical view, remain extremely depressed.  This can be seen in the following chart of 10-Year Treasury Yields:

10-Year Constant Maturity Treasury Yield

Data Source: FRED, Board Of Governors Of The Federal Reserve System; accessed June 23, 2014:

https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/DGS10

Here is another chart of the 10-Year Treasury Yield, from 1980 on a LOG scale, with a long-term trendline, and currently yielding 2.623%:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

10-Year Treasury Yield

Perhaps one of the more striking aspects of the bond environment is that although 10-Year Treasury Yields are up significantly from their lows, various interest rates on less creditworthy securities are at or near their lows.  This can be seen in various securities and bond segments, both domestically and internationally, including the BofA Merrill Lynch US High Yield Master II Index chart, which shows a current yield (as of June 20, 2014) of 5.18% and its OAS Spread at 3.36%.

Of course, the question remains as to which direction interest rates, especially on the 10-Year Treasury, will take from here.

While there have been many arguments – including economic weakness – put forth that would indicate 10-Year Treasury Yields will fall from here, there are also many other (including those lesser-recognized) factors that indicate that the next sustained move on 10-Year Treasury Yields will continue upward.  While the “up vs. down” argument is complex, my analyses indicate that the trend in the 10-Year Treasury Yield will continue upward.

As I have explained in previous posts on interest rates and the Bond Bubble, such as the August 22, 2013 post “The Impact Of Rising Interest Rates,” what is particularly intimidating is the prospects for the economy and financial markets when the bond bubble finally “bursts.”  While the duration of this bond bubble makes (ultra) low interest rates seem sustainable – and by extension, “natural” – my analyses indicate that this interest rate environment is nothing of the sort.

Furthermore, relative to past rising interest rate environments, due to various current dynamics the coming increase in interest rates will be far more pernicious to the overall economy.

As I stated in the aforementioned February 6, 2013 post;

The perils of this bond bubble and its future “bursting” can hardly be overstated.

_____

The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 1962.61 as this post is written

Additional Thoughts Concerning Rising Interest Rates

On August 22, 2013 I wrote a post titled “The Impact Of Rising Interest Rates,” in which I discussed various wide-ranging impacts of the rising interest rate environment that I believe lack recognition.  In this post, I would like to make additional comments regarding the future level of interest rates, and specifically the 10-Year Treasury Note yield.

First, for reference, here is a long-term chart of the 10-Year Treasury yield from 1965, as seen in Doug Short’s post of November 29 titled “Treasury Yields In Perspective” :

Dshort 11-29-13 - 10-year-yields-since-1965-log-scale

Second, for reference, is a daily 5-year chart of the 10-Year Treasury Note yield on a LOG scale, through December 9, with a current value of 2.857%.  As one can see, recent resistance has been near the 3.0%-level:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

EconomicGreenfield 12-10-13 TNX Daily LOG 5 Year

The November Wall Street Journal Economic Forecast Survey shows an average expectation of 10-year Treasury Note yields of 3.43% in December 2014 and 3.89% in December 2015. As well, many observers of interest rates have stated, due to either technical and/or fundamental reasons, that the 10-Year Treasury Note yield should peak at 3.5%-4.0%.  While their reasoning and analyses for such a conclusion seems reasonable – if not compelling – my analyses indicate that interest rates will climb to far higher levels, with the outsized adverse consequences I discussed in the aforementioned August 22 blog post.  Much of the potential for rising interest rates will be due to the “bursting” of the bond bubble.

Many observers have dismissed the threat of rising interest rates, often for the reason that they believe a rising interest rate environment will be accompanied by a stronger economy; thus, by their reasoning, although there will be some sort of economic “drag” caused by rising interest rates, the “drag” will be largely, if not completely, offset by the concomitant strengthening economy.

For a variety of reasons, I do not believe this line of reasoning to be accurate.  As I stated in the aforementioned August 22, 2013 post:

Although there are various areas which benefit from increased interest rates, from an “all-things-considered” basis rising interest rates have many problematic aspects for our current-era economy. While 10-Year Treasury Yields were above 5% as recently as 2007 – with no seeming adverse economic impact – I believe that the economy will have difficulties “absorbing” higher yields far before that 5%+ rate on the 10-Year Treasury is again reached.

Also, I do not believe that one should discount the adversity such a rising interest rate environment will have on the financial system, as well as (exceedingly) problematical aspects such a rising rate environment will have on various U.S. debt-funding and QE-related operations, such as that discussed in the June 26 post, “Potential Losses In The Federal Reserve’s Portfolio.”

As well, my analyses continue to indicate that another financial-system “crash” of tremendous magnitude will occur.  In this “crash” I expect that 10-Year Treasuries will not be the “safe haven” many believe them to be.

_____

The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 1808.37 as this post is written

The Impact Of Rising Interest Rates

With the recent increase in interest rates, perhaps the paramount question is what impact a rising interest rate environment will have on the economy.

First, for reference, here is a long-term chart of interest rates from 1962, as seen in Doug Short’s post of August 17 titled “Treasury Yields In Perspective” :

(click on chart to enlarge image)

Dshort 8-17-13 - treasuries-FFR-since-1962

As one can see, the overall trend in interest rates has been declining, dating back to the peak seen in the early-80s.

The impacts that these falling interest rates have had is extensive, and many of the impacts lack (full) recognition.  As I have previously commented, most recently in my February 6, 2013 post, “Falling interest rates over the last 20 years have been an “enabler” of much of our current day economy.”

While the list of ways in which lower interest rates have acted as a benevolent factor to the economy is exceedingly lengthy, one such notable area is the impact lower interest rates have had on corporate earnings.  I highlighted two estimates concerning the positive impact of declining interest rates on corporate profitability in my July 29 ProfitabilityIssues.com post titled “Impact Of Low Interest Rates On Corporate Profitability.”

Although there are various areas which benefit from increased interest rates, from an “all-things-considered” basis rising interest rates have many problematic aspects for our current-era economy.  While 10-Year Treasury Yields were above 5% as recently as 2007 – with no seeming adverse economic impact – I believe that the economy will have difficulties “absorbing” higher yields far before that 5%+ rate on the 10-Year Treasury is again reached.

The impact of the recent rising interest rate environment is particularly noteworthy, not only because of the historically-rapid speed of its ascent, but also because, as I have commented before, my analyses indicate that interest rates can rise to levels much higher than generally expected.  I have written extensively about my belief that there is an exceedingly large bond bubble; if one believes that such is the case, the implications concerning the level of future interest rates is disconcerting.  A “deflating” or “bursting” of such a large bubble will have widespread negative impacts on the economy and markets.

For reference, below is a chart depicting the recent movements of various (3-month, 2-Year, 5-Year, 7-Year and 10-Year) Treasury yields:

(click on chart to enlarge image)(chart courtesy of StockCharts.com; chart creation and annotation by the author)

EconomicGreenfield 8-21-13 interest rates

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The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation

SPX at 1642.80 as this post is written